1812: Fledgling U.S. fights with Britain for control over the British North American territory
1815: Napoleon's conquests are brought to an end with his defeat at Waterloo
1816: Argentina gains independence from Spain
1817: Chile gains independence from Spain
1821: Mexico and Peru gain independence from Spain
1822: Brazil gains independence from Portugal
1825: Bolivia becomes independent from Spain
Smith, Bonnie G., Richard Von Glahn, and Kris E. Lane. Crossroads and Cultures: A History of the World's Peoples. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2012. Print.